Turkey Libya Agreement Mediterranean

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    Turkey won a historic victory with the Libya deal and crossed the so-called EEZ line, which seriously violated the rights of the TRNC and the 533-nautical-mile Anatolian coast in the eastern Mediterranean, to the west. The third critical achievement was the establishment of Libya as Turkey`s maritime neighbor and vice versa by the principle of “creating diagonal lines” due to Turkey`s inclined geographical position on the world map. This situation will allow Turkey (and not Greece) to conclude similar agreements with Egypt and Israel in the future. During Israel`s construction of the Leviathan project, which was largely smooth, albeit long-term, I also suggested that Turkey`s regional ambitions could and would complicate the situation, particularly with regard to maritime sovereignty. Turkey is now playing its geopolitical muscles in the region and signing a highly controversial agreement on the delimitation of maritime borders with Libya. The agreement attempts to rewrite the exclusive economic zones of the Mediterranean and give Turkey significant control over transnational gas exploration and the construction of gas pipelines. The issue of the delimitation of maritime borders in the Eastern Mediterranean presents unique factors that must be taken into account when defining borders. The United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS) proposes a fair and legal distribution of marine resources and a delimitation of the boundaries of maritime areas. While the geographical location of the region is at the heart of the EEZ disputes in the eastern Mediterranean, the policy of nations, in particular, is contrary to the fundamental principles of the Convention, such as “justice”, “non-aggression” and “equitable geographical distribution”. The international regulation of the EEZ was governed by Articles 55 to 57 of Part V of the 1982 Convention.

    Article 57 of the Convention provides that “the exclusive economic zone shall not exceed 200 nautical miles from the baselines from which the breadth of the coastal sea is measured”. Since the distance between the countries of the region is less than 400 nautical miles, the borders of the EEZ can only be set by agreements concluded between several States and, moreover, the islands cannot have full control over the EEZs and therefore cannot declare their sovereignty. .

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